Wi-Fi: Station

The Station sample demonstrates how to connect the Wi-Fi® station to a specified access point using Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP).


The sample supports the following development kits:

Hardware platforms


Board name

Build target







nRF7002 DK




nRF5340 DK




nrf7002ek_nrf7000 nrf7002ek_nrf7001 nrf7002ek

nRF52840 DK




nrf7002ek_nrf7000 nrf7002ek_nrf7001 nrf7002ek


The sample can perform Wi-Fi operations such as connect and disconnect in the 2.4GHz and 5GHz bands depending on the capabilities of an access point.

Using this sample, the development kit can connect to the specified access point in STA mode.

User interface

The sample adds LED support to map with connection and disconnection events.

LED 1:

Starts blinking when the sample is connected to the access point.

Stops blinking when the sample is disconnected from the access point.


See Configuring your application for information about how to permanently or temporarily change the configuration.

You must configure the following Wi-Fi credentials in the prj.conf file:

  • Network name (SSID)

  • Key management

  • Password


You can also use menuconfig to enable Key management option.

See Interactive Kconfig interfaces in the Zephyr documentation for instructions on how to run menuconfig.

Configuration options

The following sample-specific Kconfig option is used in this sample (located in samples/wifi/sta/Kconfig):


This option specifies the QSPI encryption key.

Quad Serial Peripheral Interface (QSPI) encryption

This sample demonstrates QSPI encryption API usage. You can set the key using the CONFIG_NRF700X_QSPI_ENCRYPTION_KEY Kconfig option.

If encryption of the QSPI traffic is required for the production devices, matching keys must be programmed in both the nRF7002 OTP and non-volatile storage associated with the host. The key from non-volatile storage must be set as the encryption key using the APIs.

Power management

This sample also enables Zephyr’s power management policy by default, which sets the nRF5340 System on Chip (SoC) into low-power mode whenever it is idle. See Power Management in the Zephyr documentation for more information on power management.

IP addressing

The sample uses DHCP to obtain an IP address for the Wi-Fi interface. It starts with a default static IP address to handle networks without DHCP servers, or if the DHCP server is not available. Successful DHCP handshake will override the default static IP configuration.

You can change the following default static configuration in the prj.conf file:


Building and running

This sample can be found under samples/wifi/sta in the nRF Connect SDK folder structure.

When built as firmware image for the _ns build target, the sample has Cortex-M Security Extensions (CMSE) enabled and separates the firmware between Non-Secure Processing Environment (NSPE) and Secure Processing Environment (SPE). Because of this, it automatically includes the Trusted Firmware-M (TF-M). To read more about CMSE, see Processing environments.

To build the sample with Visual Studio Code, follow the steps listed on the How to build an application page in the nRF Connect for VS Code extension documentation. See Building and programming an application for other building and programming scenarios and Testing and debugging an application for general information about testing and debugging in the nRF Connect SDK.

Currently, only the nRF7002 DK is supported.

To build for the nRF7002 DK, use the nrf7002dk_nrf5340_cpuapp build target. The following is an example of the CLI command:

west build -b nrf7002dk_nrf5340_cpuapp


After programming the sample to your development kit, complete the following steps to test it:

  1. Connect the kit to the computer using a USB cable. The kit is assigned a COM port (Windows) or ttyACM device (Linux), which is visible in the Device Manager.

  2. Connect to the kit with a terminal emulator (for example, PuTTY). See How to connect with PuTTY for the required settings.

    The sample shows the following output:

    [00:00:02.016,235] <inf> sta: Connection requested
    [00:00:02.316,314] <inf> sta: ==================
    [00:00:02.316,314] <inf> sta: State: SCANNING
    [00:00:02.616,424] <inf> sta: ==================
    [00:00:02.616,424] <inf> sta: State: SCANNING
    [00:00:02.916,534] <inf> sta: ==================
    [00:00:02.916,534] <inf> sta: State: SCANNING
    [00:00:03.216,613] <inf> sta: ==================
    [00:00:03.216,613] <inf> sta: State: SCANNING
    [00:00:03.516,723] <inf> sta: ==================
    [00:00:03.516,723] <inf> sta: State: SCANNING
    [00:00:03.816,802] <inf> sta: ==================
    [00:00:03.816,802] <inf> sta: State: SCANNING
    [00:00:04.116,882] <inf> sta: ==================
    [00:00:04.116,882] <inf> sta: State: SCANNING
    [00:00:04.416,961] <inf> sta: ==================
    [00:00:04.416,961] <inf> sta: State: SCANNING
    [00:00:04.717,071] <inf> sta: ==================
    [00:00:04.717,071] <inf> sta: State: SCANNING
    [00:00:05.017,150] <inf> sta: ==================
    [00:00:05.017,150] <inf> sta: State: SCANNING
    [00:00:05.317,230] <inf> sta: ==================
    [00:00:05.317,230] <inf> sta: State: SCANNING
    [00:00:05.617,309] <inf> sta: ==================
    [00:00:05.617,309] <inf> sta: State: SCANNING
    [00:00:05.917,419] <inf> sta: ==================
    [00:00:05.917,419] <inf> sta: State: SCANNING
    [00:00:06.217,529] <inf> sta: ==================
    [00:00:06.217,529] <inf> sta: State: SCANNING
    [00:00:06.517,639] <inf> sta: ==================
    [00:00:06.517,639] <inf> sta: State: SCANNING
    [00:00:06.817,749] <inf> sta: ==================
    [00:00:06.817,749] <inf> sta: State: SCANNING
    [00:00:07.117,858] <inf> sta: ==================
    [00:00:07.117,858] <inf> sta: State: SCANNING
    [00:00:07.336,730] <inf> wpa_supp: wlan0: SME: Trying to authenticate with aa:bb:cc:dd:ee:ff (SSID='<MySSID>' freq=5785 MHz)
    [00:00:07.353,027] <inf> nrf_wifi: nrf_wifi_wpa_supp_authenticate:Authentication request sent successfully
    [00:00:07.417,938] <inf> sta: ==================
    [00:00:07.417,938] <inf> sta: State: AUTHENTICATING
    [00:00:07.606,628] <inf> wpa_supp: wlan0: Trying to associate with aa:bb:cc:dd:ee:ff (SSID='<MySSID>' freq=5785 MHz)
    [00:00:07.609,680] <inf> nrf_wifi: nrf_wifi_wpa_supp_associate: Association request sent successfully
    [00:00:07.621,978] <inf> wpa_supp: wpa_drv_zep_get_ssid: SSID size: 5
    [00:00:07.622,070] <inf> wpa_supp: wlan0: Associated with aa:bb:cc:dd:ee:ff
    [00:00:07.622,192] <inf> wpa_supp: wlan0: CTRL-EVENT-CONNECTED - Connection to aa:bb:cc:dd:ee:ff completed [id=0 id_str=]
    [00:00:07.622,192] <inf> sta: Connected
    [00:00:07.623,779] <inf> wpa_supp: wlan0: CTRL-EVENT-SUBNET-STATUS-UPDATE status=0
    [00:00:07.648,406] <inf> net_dhcpv4: Received:
    [00:00:07.648,468] <inf> net_config: IPv4 address:
    [00:00:07.648,498] <inf> net_config: Lease time: 3599 seconds
    [00:00:07.648,498] <inf> net_config: Subnet:
    [00:00:07.648,529] <inf> net_config: Router:
    [00:00:07.648,559] <inf> sta: DHCP IP address:
    [00:00:07.720,153] <inf> sta: ==================
    [00:00:07.720,153] <inf> sta: State: COMPLETED
    [00:00:07.720,153] <inf> sta: Interface Mode: STATION
    [00:00:07.720,184] <inf> sta: Link Mode: WIFI 6 (802.11ax/HE)
    [00:00:07.720,184] <inf> sta: SSID: <MySSID>
    [00:00:07.720,214] <inf> sta: BSSID: aa:bb:cc:dd:ee:ff
    [00:00:07.720,214] <inf> sta: Band: 5GHz
    [00:00:07.720,214] <inf> sta: Channel: 157
    [00:00:07.720,245] <inf> sta: Security: OPEN
    [00:00:07.720,245] <inf> sta: MFP: UNKNOWN
    [00:00:07.720,245] <inf> sta: RSSI: -57
    [00:00:07.720,245] <inf> sta: Static IP address:

Power management testing

You can use this sample to measure the current consumption of both the nRF5340 SoC and the nRF7002 device independently by using two separate Power Profiler Kit II (PPK2) devices. The nRF5340 SoC is connected to the first PPK2 and the nRF7002 DK is connected to the second PPK2.

See Measuring current for more information about how to set up and measure the current consumption of both the nRF5340 SoC and the nRF7002 device.

The average current consumption in an idle case can be around ~1-2 mA in the nRF5340 SoC and ~20 µA in the nRF7002 device.

See Power optimization for more information on power management testing and usage of the PPK2.


This sample uses the following library: