Zigbee: Light switch

The Zigbee light switch sample can be used to change the state of light sources on other devices within the same Zigbee network.

You can use this sample together with the Zigbee network coordinator and the Zigbee light bulb to set up a basic Zigbee network.

This sample supports the optional Sleepy End Device behavior and Multiprotocol Bluetooth LE extension. It also supports Zigbee FOTA. See Configuration files for sample extensions for details about how to enable these variants.

Requirements

The sample supports the following development kits:

Hardware platforms

PCA

Board name

Build target

nRF52840 DK

PCA10056

nrf52840dk_nrf52840

nrf52840dk_nrf52840

nRF52833 DK

PCA10100

nrf52833dk_nrf52833

nrf52833dk_nrf52833

nRF5340 DK

PCA10095

nrf5340dk_nrf5340

nrf5340dk_nrf5340_cpuapp

nRF21540 DK

PCA10112

nrf21540dk_nrf52840

nrf21540dk_nrf52840

You can use one or more of the development kits listed above and mix different development kits.

For this sample to work, the following samples also need to be programmed:

Multiprotocol Bluetooth LE extension requirements

If you enable the Multiprotocol Bluetooth LE extension, make sure you have a phone or a tablet with the nRF Toolbox application installed.

Note

The Testing instructions refer to nRF Toolbox, but similar applications can be used as well, for example nRF Connect for Mobile.

Overview

The light switch sample demonstrates the Zigbee End Device role and implements the Dimmer Switch device specification, as defined in the Zigbee Home Automation public application profile.

Once the light switch is successfully commissioned, it sends a broadcast message to find devices with the implemented Level Control and On/Off clusters. The light switch remembers the device network address from the first response. At this point, you can start using the buttons on the development kit to control the clusters on the newly found devices.

Sleepy End Device behavior

The light switch supports the Sleepy End Device behavior that enables the sleepy behavior for the end device, for a significant conservation of energy.

The sleepy behavior can be enabled by pressing Button 3 while the light switch sample is booting.

Multiprotocol Bluetooth LE extension

This optional extension demonstrates dynamic concurrent switching between two protocols, Bluetooth® LE and Zigbee. It uses Nordic UART Service (NUS) library.

When this extension is enabled, you can use:

  • Buttons on the light switch device to operate on the Zigbee network

  • Nordic UART Service to operate on the Bluetooth LE network

Both networks are independent from each other.

To support both protocols at the same time, the Zigbee stack uses the IEEE 802.15.4 radio during the inactive time of the Bluetooth LE radio (using Multiprotocol Service Layer’s Timeslot API). Depending on the Bluetooth LE connection interval, the nRF52 development kits can spend up to 99% of the radio time on the Zigbee protocol.

Transmitting and receiving data when using this example does not break connection from any of the used radio protocols, either Bluetooth LE or Zigbee.

For more information about the multiprotocol feature, see Multiprotocol support.

Configuration

See Configuring your application for information about how to permanently or temporarily change the configuration.

Source file setup

This sample is split into the following source files:

  • The main file to handle initialization and light switch basic behavior.

  • An additional nus_cmd file for handling NUS commands.

Configuration files for sample extensions

The sample provides predefined configuration files for optional extensions. You can find the configuration files in the samples/zigbee/light_switch directory.

Activating optional extensions

To activate the optional extensions supported by this sample, modify OVERLAY_CONFIG in the following manner:

  • For the variant that supports Zigbee FOTA, set overlay-fota.conf. Alternatively, you can configure Zigbee FOTA manually.

    Note

    The overlay-fota.conf file can be used only with a development kit that contains the nRF52840 SoC.

  • For the Multiprotocol Bluetooth LE extension, set overlay-multiprotocol_ble.conf. Check Board names for the board name to use instead of the nrf52840dk_nrf52840.

See Providing CMake options for instructions on how to add this option. For more information about using configuration overlay files, see Important Build System Variables in the Zephyr documentation.

FEM support

You can add support for the nRF21540 front-end module to this sample by using one of the following options, depending on your hardware:

  • Build the sample for one board that contains the nRF21540 FEM, such as nrf21540dk_nrf52840.

  • Manually create a devicetree overlay file that describes how FEM is connected to the nRF5 SoC in your device. See Set devicetree overlays for different ways of adding the overlay file.

  • Provide nRF21540 FEM capabilities by using a shield, for example the nRF21540 EK shield that is available in the nRF Connect SDK. In this case, build the project for a board connected to the shield you are using with an appropriate variable included in the build command. This variable instructs the build system to append the appropriate devicetree overlay file. For example, to build the sample from the command line for an nRF52833 DK with the nRF21540 EK attached, use the following command within the sample directory:

    west build -b nrf52833dk_nrf52833 -- -DSHIELD=nrf21540_ek
    

    This command builds the application firmware. See Programming nRF21540 EK for information about how to program when you are using a board with a network core, for example nRF5340 DK.

Each of these options adds the description of the nRF21540 FEM to the devicetree. See Radio front-end module (FEM) support for more information about FEM in the nRF Connect SDK.

To add support for other front-end modules, add the respective devicetree file entries to the board devicetree file or the devicetree overlay file.

User interface

LED 3:

On and solid when the device is connected to a Zigbee network.

LED 4:

On and solid when the light switch has found a light bulb to control.

Button 1:

When the light bulb is turned off, turn it back on.

Pressing this button for a longer period of time increases the brightness of the light bulb.

Button 2:

Turn off the light bulb connected to the network (light bulb’s LED 4). This option is available after the successful commissioning (light switch’s LED 3 turned on).

Pressing this button for a longer period of time decreases the brightness of the LED 4 of the connected light bulb.

Note

If the brightness level is at the minimum level, the effect of turning on the light bulb might not be noticeable.

FOTA behavior assignments

LED 2:

Indicates the OTA activity. Used only if the FOTA support is enabled.

Sleepy End Device behavior assignments

Button 3:

When pressed while resetting the kit, enable the Sleepy End Device behavior.

Multiprotocol Bluetooth LE extension assignments

LED 1:

On and solid when a Bluetooth LE Central is connected to the NUS service. Available when using Nordic UART Service (NUS) in the multiprotocol configuration.

UART command assignments:

The following command assignments are configured and used in nRF Toolbox when Testing multiprotocol Bluetooth LE extension:

  • n - Turn on the Zigbee light bulb.

  • f - Turn off the Zigbee light bulb.

  • t - Toggle the Zigbee light bulb on or off.

  • i - Increase the brightness level of the Zigbee light bulb.

  • d - Decrease the brightness level of the Zigbee light bulb.

If more than one light bulb is available in the network, these commands apply to all light bulbs in the network. See Testing multiprotocol Bluetooth LE extension for details.

Building and running

Make sure to configure the Zigbee stack before building and testing this sample. See Configuring Zigbee in nRF Connect SDK for more information.

This sample can be found under samples/zigbee/light_switch in the nRF Connect SDK folder structure.

See Building and programming an application for information about how to build and program the application.

Testing

After programming the sample to your development kits, test it by performing the following steps:

  1. Turn on the development kit that runs the network coordinator sample. When LED 3 turns on, this development kit has become the Coordinator of the Zigbee network.

  2. Turn on the development kit that runs the light bulb sample. When LED 3 turns on, the light bulb has become a Router inside the network.

    Tip

    If LED 3 does not turn on, press Button 1 on the Coordinator to reopen the network.

  3. Turn on the development kit that runs the light switch sample. When LED 3 turns on, the light switch has become an End Device, connected directly to the Coordinator.

  4. Wait until LED 4 on the light switch node turns on. This LED indicates that the light switch found a light bulb to control.

You can now use buttons on the development kit to control the light bulb, as described in User interface.

Testing multiprotocol Bluetooth LE extension

To test the multiprotocol Bluetooth LE extension, complete the following steps after the standard Testing procedure:

  1. Set up nRF Toolbox by completing the following steps:

    Tap UART to open the UART application in nRF Toolbox.

    UART application in nRF Toolbox

    UART application in nRF Toolbox

  2. In nRF Toolbox, tap the buttons you assigned:

    1. Tap the n and f command buttons to turn the LED on the Zigbee light bulb node on and off, respectively.

    2. Tap the t command button two times to toggle the LED on the Zigbee light bulb node on and off.

    3. Tap the i and d command buttons to make adjustments to the brightness level.

You can now control the devices either with the buttons on the development kits or with the NUS UART command buttons in the nRF Toolbox application.

Sample output

The sample logging output can be observed through a serial port. For more details, see How to connect with PuTTY.

Dependencies

This sample uses the following nRF Connect SDK libraries:

This sample uses the following sdk-nrfxlib libraries:

In addition, it uses the following Zephyr libraries:

  • include/zephyr.h

  • include/device.h

  • Logging

The following dependencies are added by the multiprotocol Bluetooth LE extension: