CAF: Bluetooth LE state module
The Bluetooth® LE state module is a core Bluetooth module in Common Application Framework (CAF). When enabled for an application, the Bluetooth LE state module is responsible for the following actions:
Enabling Bluetooth (
Handling Bluetooth connection callbacks (
Propagating information about the connection state and parameters with Application Event Manager events
The Bluetooth LE state module does not handle Bluetooth advertising or scanning. If you want to use these functionalities to connect over Bluetooth LE, use CAF’s Bluetooth LE advertising module or Zephyr’s Bluetooth API directly.
CAF assumes that Bluetooth Peripheral device supports only one simultaneous connection.
To use the module, you must enable the following Kconfig options:
CONFIG_BT_SMP- This option enables Security Manager Protocol support.
The following Kconfig options are also available for this module:
CONFIG_CAF_BLE_STATE_EXCHANGE_MTU- This option can be used for GATT client (
CONFIG_BT_GATT_CLIENT) to set the Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) to the maximum possible size that the buffers can hold. This option is enabled by default.
CONFIG_CAF_BLE_USE_LLPM- This option enables the Low Latency Packet Mode (LLPM). If the Bluetooth controller is enabled as part of the application, this option is enabled by default and depends on
CONFIG_BT_CTLR_SDC_LLPM. Otherwise, this option is disabled and can be enabled manually.
CONFIG_CAF_BLE_STATE_SECURITY_REQ- This option enables setting the security level 2 for a Bluetooth LE connection automatically, right after the connection is established. The security level 2 or higher enables connection encryption. The device disconnects if establishing the connection security level 2 fails.
CONFIG_CAF_BLE_STATE_MAX_LOCAL_ID_BONDS- This option allows to specify the maximum number of allowed bonds per Bluetooth local identity for a Bluetooth Peripheral (
CONFIG_BT_PERIPHERAL). If a local identity is already bonded with the maximum number of allowed bonds, new peers are disconnected right after Bluetooth connection is established.
The Bluetooth LE state module is used by both Bluetooth Peripheral and Bluetooth Central devices.
In line with other CAF modules, the Bluetooth LE state module uses Application Event Manager events to broadcast changes in connection state and parameters. It also updates connection reference counts to ensure the connections remain valid as long as application modules use them.
The module propagates information about the connection state changes using
In this event,
ble_peer_event.id is a pointer to the connection object and
ble_peer_event.state is the connection state.
The connection state can be set to one of the following values:
PEER_STATE_CONNECTED- Bluetooth stack successfully connected to the remote peer.
PEER_STATE_CONN_FAILED- Bluetooth stack failed to connect the remote peer.
PEER_STATE_SECURED- Bluetooth stack set the connection security to at least level 2 (that is, encryption and no authentication).
PEER_STATE_DISCONNECTED- Bluetooth stack disconnected from the remote peer.
Other application modules can call
bt_conn_disconnect() to disconnect the remote peer.
The application module can submit a
ble_peer_event.state set to
PEER_STATE_DISCONNECTING to let other application modules prepare for the disconnection.
The module submits a
ble_peer_conn_params_event to inform other application modules about connection parameter update requests and connection parameter updates.
The Bluetooth LE state module rejects the connection parameter update request in Zephyr’s callback.
An application module can handle the
ble_peer_conn_params_event and update the connection parameters.
The Bluetooth LE state module keeps references to
bt_conn objects to ensure that they remain valid when other application modules access them.
When a new connection is established, the module calls
bt_conn_ref() to increase the object reference counter.
ble_peer_event about disconnection or connection failure is received by all other application modules, the Bluetooth LE state module decrements the
bt_conn object by using
If Nordic Semiconductor’s SoftDevice Bluetooth LE Link Layer is selected (
CONFIG_BT_LL_SOFTDEVICE) and the
CONFIG_CAF_BLE_USE_LLPM option is enabled, the Bluetooth LE state module sends a Bluetooth HCI command to enable the LLPM when Bluetooth is ready.