DFU target

The DFU target library provides a common API for different types of firmware upgrades, for example, an MCUboot style upgrade or a modem firmware upgrade. Use this library in your component to do different types of firmware upgrades against a single interface.

When initializing the DFU target library, you must provide information about the type of firmware upgrade. To do so automatically, send the first fragment of the firmware to the function dfu_target_img_type(). This function can identify all supported firmware upgrade types. The result of this call can then be given as input to the dfu_target_init() function.

Note

After starting a DFU procedure for a given target, you cannot initialize a new DFU procedure with a different firmware file for the same target until the DFU procedure has completed successfully or the device has been restarted.

Supported DFU targets

Every supported DFU target must implement the set of functions defined in subsys/dfu/src/dfu_target.c.

The following sections describe the DFU targets that are currently supported.

MCUboot style upgrades

This type of firmware upgrade can be used for application updates and updates to the upgradable bootloader. It writes the data given to the dfu_target_write() function into the secondary slot specified by MCUboot’s flash partitions.

For application updates, the new image replaces the existing application. For bootloader updates, the new firmware is placed in the non-active partition (slot 0 or slot 1, see Upgradable bootloader).

Note

When updating the bootloader, you must ensure that the provided bootloader firmware is linked against the correct partition. This is handled automatically by the FOTA download library.

When the complete transfer is done, call the dfu_target_done() function to mark the firmware as ready to be booted. On the next reboot, the device will run the new firmware.

Note

To maintain the write progress in case the device reboots, enable the configuration options CONFIG_SETTINGS and CONFIG_DFU_TARGET_MCUBOOT_SAVE_PROGRESS. The MCUboot target then uses the Settings subsystem in Zephyr to store the current progress used by the dfu_target_write() function across power failures and device resets.

Modem firmware upgrades

This type of firmware upgrade opens a socket into the modem and passes the data given to the dfu_target_write() function through the socket. The modem stores the data in the memory location for firmware patches. If there is already a firmware patch stored in the modem, the library requests the modem to delete the old firmware patch, to make space for the new patch.

When the complete transfer is done, call the dfu_target_done() function to request the modem to apply the patch, and to close the socket. On the next reboot, the modem will to try to apply the patch.

Configuration

You can disable support for specific DFU targets with the following parameters:

By default, all DFU targets are enabled, but you can only select the targets that are supported by your device and application.

API documentation

Header file: include/dfu/dfu_target.h
Source files: subsys/dfu/src/
group dfu_target

DFU Target.

Defines

DFU_TARGET_IMAGE_TYPE_MCUBOOT
DFU_TARGET_IMAGE_TYPE_MODEM_DELTA

Typedefs

typedef void (*dfu_target_callback_t)(enum dfu_target_evt_id evt_id)

Enums

enum dfu_target_evt_id

Values:

DFU_TARGET_EVT_TIMEOUT
DFU_TARGET_EVT_ERASE_DONE

Functions

int dfu_target_img_type(const void *const buf, size_t len)

Find the image type for the buffer of bytes recived. Used to determine what dfu target to initialize.

Return

Positive identifier for a supported image type or a negative error code identicating reason of failure.

Parameters
  • [in] buf: A buffer of bytes which are the start of an binary firmware image.

  • [in] len: The length of the provided buffer.

int dfu_target_init(int img_type, size_t file_size, dfu_target_callback_t cb)

Initialize the resources needed for the specific image type DFU target.

If a target update is in progress, and the same target is given as input, then calling the ‘init()’ function of that target is skipped.

To allow continuation of an aborted DFU procedure, call the ‘dfu_target_offset_get’ function after invoking this function.

Return

0 for a supported image type or a negative error code identicating reason of failure.

Parameters
  • [in] img_type: Image type identifier.

  • [in] file_size: Size of the current file being downloaded.

  • [in] cb: Callback function in case the DFU operation requires additional proceedures to be called.

int dfu_target_offset_get(size_t *offset)

Get offset of the firmware upgrade.

Return

0 if success, otherwise negative value if unable to get the offset

Parameters
  • [out] offset: Returns the offset of the firmware upgrade.

int dfu_target_write(const void *const buf, size_t len)

Write the given buffer to the initialized DFU target.

Return

Positive identifier for a supported image type or a negative error code identicating reason of failure.

Parameters
  • [in] buf: A buffer of bytes which contains part of an binary firmware image.

  • [in] len: The length of the provided buffer.

int dfu_target_done(bool successful)

Deinitialize the resources that were needed for the current DFU target.

Return

0 for an successful deinitialization or a negative error code identicating reason of failure.

Parameters
  • [in] successful: Indicate whether the process completed successfully or was aborted.

Variables

int (*init)(size_t file_size, dfu_target_callback_t cb)
int (*offset_get)(size_t *offset)
int (*write)(const void *const buf, size_t len)
int (*done)(bool successful)
struct dfu_target
#include <dfu_target.h>

Functions which needs to be supported by all DFU targets.