Radio test (short-range)

The Radio test sample demonstrates how to configure the 2.4 GHz short-range radio (Bluetooth® LE, IEEE 802.15.4 and proprietary) in a specific mode and then test its performance. The sample provides a set of predefined commands that allow you to configure the radio in three modes:

  • Constant RX or TX carrier

  • Modulated TX carrier

  • RX or TX sweep


The sample supports the following development kits:

Hardware platforms


Board name

Build target


nRF7002 DK




nRF5340 DK





nRF52 DK




nRF52840 DK




You can use any one of the development kits listed above.


On nRF5340 DK and nRF7002 DK, the sample is designed to run on the network core and requires the nRF5340: Remote IPC shell running on the application core. This sample uses the IPC service shell transport library to forward shell data through the physical UART interface of the application core.

The sample also requires one of the following testing devices:


You can perform the radio test also using a spectrum analyzer. This method of testing is not covered by this documentation.

nRF21540 front-end module

You can add support for the nRF21540 front-end module (FEM) to the sample.

To add support for the nRF21540 FEM, build the sample for a board containing nRF21540 FEM like nrf21540dk_nrf52840 or create a devicetree overlay file describing how FEM is connected to nRF5 SoC in your device.


If you use the nRF21540 EK, append nrf21540ek shield to your build command instructing build system to append the appropriate devicetree overlay file. If you use the nRF21540 DK, build your application for the nrf21540dk_nrf52840 board. The devicetree for the nRF21540 DK already contains the required FEM configuration, so you do not need to set an additional build option.

For example, to build the sample from the command line for an nRF5340 DK with an attached nRF21540 EK, invoke the following command within the sample directory:

west build -b nrf5340dk_nrf5340_cpunet -- -DSHIELD=nrf21540ek

For more details refer to the following documentation:

You can configure the nRF21540 front-end module (FEM) transmitted power gain, antenna output and activation delay using the main shell commands of the User interface.

Skyworks front-end module

The Skyworks SKY66114 and SKY66403 are front-end module (FEM) devices that support the 2-pin PA/LNA interface. You can also use other Skyworks FEM devices that provide the same hardware interface.

To use the generic FEM implementation with Skyworks front-end modules refer to Adding support for Skyworks front-end module for details.

Use case of incomplete physical connections to the FEM module

The devicetree configuration allows you to use a minimal pin configuration. Connect all unused pins to the fixed logic level as instructed in the official documentation. For example, csd-gpios is an optional pin that sets the device into sleep mode. If this pin is not controlled by the driver, it must be connected to the fixed logic level.

You can configure the Skyworks front-end module (FEM) antenna output and activation delay using the main shell commands of the User interface.


To run the tests, connect to the development kit through the serial port and send shell commands. Zephyr’s Shell module is used to handle the commands. At any time during the tests, you can dynamically set the radio parameters, such as output power, bit rate, and channel. In sweep mode, you can set the time for which the radio scans each channel from 1 millisecond to 99 milliseconds, in steps of 1 millisecond. The sample also allows you to send a data pattern to another development kit.

The sample first enables the high frequency crystal oscillator and configures the shell. You can then start running commands to set up and control the radio. See User interface for a list of available commands.


For the IEEE 802.15.4 mode, the start channel and the end channel must be within the channel range of 11 to 26. Use the start_channel and end_channel commands to control this setting.

User interface

Main shell commands (in alphabetical order)





Cancel the sweep or the carrier.



Set the data rate.



End channel for the sweep (in MHz, as difference from 2400 MHz).



Set front-end module (FEM) parameters.



Output power set. If a front-end module is attached and the CONFIG_RADIO_TEST_POWER_CONTROL_AUTOMATIC Kconfig option is enabled, it has the same effect as the total_output_power command.


Print current delay, channel, and other parameters.


Print the received RX payload.



Start channel for the sweep or the channel for the constant carrier (in MHz, as difference from 2400 MHz).



Duty cycle in percent (two decimal digits, between 01 and 90).


Start RX.


Start the RX sweep.


Start the TX carrier.



Start the modulated TX carrier (continuous TX mode is used if no argument is provided).


Start the TX sweep.



Time on each channel in ms (between 1 and 99).



Toggle DC/DC converter state.



Set transmission pattern.


<tx output power>

Set total output power in dBm. This value includes SoC output power and front-end module gain.

Tx output power

This sample has a few commands that you can use to test the device output power. The behavior of the commands vary depending on the hardware configuration and Kconfig options as follows:

  • Radio Test without front-end module support:

    • The output_power command sets the SoC output command with a subcommand set. The output power is set directly in the radio peripheral.

  • Radio Test with front-end module support in default configuration (the CONFIG_RADIO_TEST_POWER_CONTROL_AUTOMATIC Kconfig option is enabled):

    • The output_power command sets the total output power, including front-end module gain.

    • The total_output_power command sets the total output power, including front-end module gain with a value in dBm unit provided by user.

    • For these commands, the radio peripheral and FEM gain is calculated and set automatically to meet your requirements.

    • If an exact output power value cannot be set, a lower value is used.

  • Radio Test with front-end module support and manual Tx output power control (the CONFIG_RADIO_TEST_POWER_CONTROL_AUTOMATIC Kconfig option is disabled):

    • The output_power command sets the SoC output command with a subcommands set.

    • The fem command with the tx_gain subcommand sets the front-end module gain to an arbitrary value for given front-end module.

    • You can use this configuration to perform tests on your hardware design.

Building and running

This sample can be found under samples/peripheral/radio_test in the nRF Connect SDK folder structure.

To build the sample with Visual Studio Code, follow the steps listed on the How to build an application page in the nRF Connect for VS Code extension documentation. See Building and programming an application for other building and programming scenarios and Testing and debugging an application for general information about testing and debugging in the nRF Connect SDK.


On the nRF5340 or nRF7002 development kit, the Radio Test sample requires the nRF5340: Remote IPC shell sample on the application core. The Remote IPC shell sample is built and programmed automatically by default. If you want to program your custom solution for the application core, unset the CONFIG_NCS_SAMPLE_REMOTE_SHELL_CHILD_IMAGE Kconfig option.

Remote USB CDC ACM Shell variant

This sample can run the remote IPC Service Shell through the USB on the nRF5340 DK application core. For example, when building on the command line, you can do so as follows:

west build samples/peripheral/radio_test -b nrf5340dk_nrf5340_cpunet -- -DCONFIG_RADIO_TEST_USB=y

You can also build this sample with the remote IPC Service Shell and support for the front-end module. You can use the following command:

west build samples/peripheral/radio_test -b nrf5340dk_nrf5340_cpunet -- -DSHIELD=nrf21540ek -DCONFIG_RADIO_TEST_USB=y


You can also build the sample with the remote IPC Service Shell for the nRF7002 DK board (PCA10143) using the nrf7002dk_nrf5340_cpunet build target in the commands.


After programming the sample to your development kit, complete the following steps to test it in one of the following two ways:


For the nRF5340 DK board (PCA10095) or nRF7002 DK board (PCA10143), see Getting logging output for information about the COM terminals on which the logging output is available.

Testing with another development kit

  1. Connect both development kits to the computer using a USB cable. The kits are assigned a COM port (Windows) or ttyACM device (Linux), which is visible in the Device Manager.

  2. Connect to both kits with a terminal emulator that supports VT100/ANSI escape characters (for example, PuTTY). See How to connect with PuTTY for the required settings.

  3. Run the following commands on one of the kits:

    1. Set the data rate with the data_rate command to ble_2Mbit.

    2. Set the transmission pattern with the transmit_pattern command to pattern_11110000.

    3. Set the radio channel with the start_channel command to 40.

  4. Repeat all steps for the second kit.

  5. On both kits, run the parameters_print command to confirm that the radio configuration is the same on both kits.

  6. Set one kit in the Modulated TX Carrier mode using the start_tx_modulated_carrier command.

  7. Set the other kit in the RX Carrier mode using the start_rx command.

  8. Print the received data with the print_rx command and confirm that they match the transmission pattern (0xF0).

Testing with RSSI Viewer

  1. Connect the kit to the computer using a USB cable. The kit is assigned a COM port (Windows) or ttyACM device (Linux), which is visible in the Device Manager.

  2. Open a serial port connection to the kit using a terminal emulator that supports VT100/ANSI escape characters (for example, PuTTY). See How to connect with PuTTY for the required settings.

  3. Set the start channel with the start_channel command to 20.

  4. Set the end channel with the end_channel command to 60.

  5. Set the time on channel with the time_on_channel command to 50 ms.

  6. Set the kit in the TX sweep mode using the start_tx_sweep command.

  7. Start the RSSI Viewer application and select the kit to communicate with.

  8. On the application chart, observe the TX sweep in the form of a wave that starts at 2420 MHz frequency and ends with 2480 MHz.


This sample uses the following nRF Connect SDK libraries:

This sample has the following nrfx dependencies:

  • nrfx/drivers/include/nrfx_timer.h

  • nrfx/hal/nrf_power.h

  • nrfx/hal/nrf_radio.h

The sample also has the following nrfxlib dependency:

In addition, it uses the following Zephyr libraries: