nRF9160: nRF CoAP Client

The nRF CoAP Client sample demonstrates the communication between a public CoAP server and an nRF9160 SiP that acts as the CoAP client.

Requirements

The sample supports the following development kit:

Hardware platforms

PCA

Board name

Build target

nRF9160 DK

PCA10090

nrf9160dk_nrf9160

nrf9160dk_nrf9160_ns

The sample also requires a public CoAP server IP address or URL available on the Internet.

When built for an _ns build target, the sample is configured to compile and run as a non-secure application. Therefore, it automatically includes Trusted Firmware-M that prepares the required peripherals and secure services to be available for the application.

You can also configure it to use the Secure Partition Manager.

Overview

The nRF CoAP Client sample performs the following actions:

  1. Connect to the configured public CoAP test server (specified by the Kconfig option CONFIG_COAP_SERVER_HOSTNAME).

  2. Send periodic GET request for a test resource (specified by the Kconfig option CONFIG_COAP_RESOURCE) that is available on the server.

  3. Display the received data about the resource on a terminal emulator.

The public CoAP server used in this sample is Californium CoAP server (coap://californium.eclipseprojects.io:5683). This server runs Eclipse Californium, which is an open source implementation of the CoAP protocol that is targeted at the development and testing of IoT applications. An nRF9160 DK is used as the CoAP client.

This sample uses the resource obs (Californium observable resource) in the communication between the CoAP client and the public CoAP server. The communication follows the standard request/response pattern and is based on the change in the state of the value of the resource. The sample queries one resource at a time. To configure other resources, use the Kconfig option CONFIG_COAP_RESOURCE.

Configuration

See Configuring your application for information about how to permanently or temporarily change the configuration.

Configuration options

Check and configure the following Kconfig options in the coap_client/prj.conf file:

CONFIG_COAP_RESOURCE - CoAP resource configuration

This option sets the CoAP resource. Default is Californium observable resource.

CONFIG_COAP_SERVER_HOSTNAME - CoAP server hostname

This option sets the CoAP server hostname. Default is californium.eclipseprojects.io.

CONFIG_COAP_SERVER_PORT - CoAP server port

This option sets the port for the CoAP server. Default is 5683.

Building and running

This sample can be found under samples/nrf9160/coap_client in the nRF Connect SDK folder structure.

When built as a non-secure firmware image for the _ns build target, the sample automatically includes the Trusted Firmware-M (TF-M). You can configure it to use the Secure Partition Manager instead of TF-M.

See Building and programming an application for information about how to build and program the application.

Testing

After programming the sample to your development kit, complete the following steps to test it:

  1. Connect the kit to the computer using a USB cable. The kit is assigned a COM port (Windows) or ttyACM device (Linux), which is visible in the Device Manager.

  2. Connect to the kit with a terminal emulator (for example, PuTTY). See How to connect with PuTTY for the required settings.

  3. Power on or reset the kit.

  4. Observe that the following output is displayed in the terminal:

    The nRF CoAP client sample started
    
  5. Observe that the discovered IP address of the public CoAP server is displayed on the terminal emulator.

  6. Observe that the nRF9160 DK sends periodic CoAP GET requests to the configured server for a configured resource after it gets LTE connection.

  7. Observe that the sample either displays the response data received from the server or indicates a timeout on the terminal. For more information on the response codes, see COAP response codes.

Sample output

The sample displays the data in the following format:

CoAP request sent: token 0x9772
CoAP response: code: 0x45, token 0x9772, payload: 15:39:40

Instead of displaying every single CoAP frame content, the sample displays only the essential data. For the above sample output, the information displayed on the terminal conveys the following:

  • code:0x45 - CoAP response code (2.05 - Content), which is constant across responses

  • token 0x9772 - CoAP token, which is unique per request/response pair

  • payload: 15:39:40 - the actual message payload (current time in UTC format) from the resource that is queried in this sample

References

RFC 7252 - The Constrained Application Protocol

Dependencies

This sample uses the following nRF Connect SDK libraries:

It uses the following sdk-nrfxlib library:

It uses the following Zephyr library:

In addition, it uses the following secure firmware component: