This page describes how to integrate the Multiprotocol Service Layer (MPSL) into an application. The descriptions are valid for both RTOS and RTOS-free environments.
For the nRF53 Series, the requirements described are only relevant for applications running alongside the MPSL on the network processor.
The following peripherals are owned by MPSL and must not be accessed directly by the application:
TIMER1(for the nRF53 Series)
31(for the nRF52 Series)
2(for the nRF53 Series)
These peripherals can be used freely when MPSL is not initialized. Additional peripheral requirements may be set by the protocol stacks in use.
Limited access to these peripherals is provided through the MPSL Timeslot module and other MPSL APIs.
The MPSL library is not reentrant. For thread-safe operation, see the <Interrupt configuration>_ and <Scheduling>_ sections below.
MPSL enables interrupts for
TIMER1 (only on nRF53 Series),
The application must enable and configure all the other interrupts.
If the Timeslot API is used for
RADIO access, the application is responsible for enabling and disabling the interrupt for
The application must configure interrupts for
RADIO for priority level
On the nRF53 Series, the application must additionally configure
TIMER1 for priority level
The following interrupts do not have real-time requirements:
POWER_CLOCKIt is up to the application to forward any clock-related events to
MPSL_IRQ_CLOCK_Handler()in lower priority. Irrelevant events are ignored, so the application is free to forward all events for the
low_prio_irqLow-priority work is signaled by MPSL by adding the IRQ specified in the
mpsl_init(). When this interrupt is triggered,
mpsl_low_priority_process()should be called as soon as possible (at least within a couple of ms). The application should configure this interrupt priority lower than
MPSL_HIGH_IRQ_PRIORITYlevel (namely, a higher numerical value). The interrupt is enabled with
mpsl_init()and disabled with
The interaction of the MPSL library with protocol stacks is designed to run at two interrupt priority levels: one for the high-priority handlers, and one for the low-priority handler. The interaction of the MPSL library with the application happens in the thread context and in the low-priority handler.
The high-priority handlers are mostly used for timing-critical operations related to radio or scheduling. Interrupting or delaying these handlers leads to undefined behavior.
Low priority is used for background tasks that are not directly tied to the radio or scheduling. These tasks are designed in such a way that they can be interrupted by high-priority code. The tasks are however not designed to be interrupted by other low-priority tasks. Therefore, make sure that only one MPSL API function is called from the application at any time.
All protocol stacks using MPSL must be synchronized (namely, not called concurrently) to avoid concurrent calls to MPSL functions.
Application must only call MPSL APIs from non-preemptible threads, or with interrupts disabled (namely, during initialization).
mpsl_low_priority_process()function should only be called from thread context, namely, not directly from the software interrupt handler.
Alternatively, you can use synchronization primitives to ensure that no MPSL functions are called at the same time.
MPSL inititialization functions, like
mpsl_uninit(), are not thread-safe.
Do not call them while, for example, a protocol timeslot is in progress.
This must be enforced by application and protocol stacks.
MPSL should be initialized before any protocol stack is enabled, and uninitialized after all protocol stacks have been disabled.
The following image shows how the MPSL integrates into an RTOS-free environment.
The following image shows how the MPSL integrates into an RTOS.