USB HID mouse Sample Application


This sample app demonstrates use of a USB Human Interface Device (HID) driver by the Zephyr project. This very simple driver enumerates a board with a button into a mouse that has a left mouse button and optionally (depending on the number of buttons on the board) a right mouse button, X-axis movement, and Y-axis movement. If the USB peripheral driver supports remote wakeup feature, wakeup request will be performed on every button click if the bus is in suspended state. This sample can be found under samples/subsys/usb/hid-mouse in the Zephyr project tree.


This project requires an USB device driver, and there must has at least one GPIO button in your board.

To use this sample, you will require a board that defines the user switch in its header file. The board.h must define the following variables:


The following variables are optional and depend on available board buttons:

  • For right-button: SW1_GPIO_CONTROLLER, SW1_GPIO_PIN

Building and Running

This sample can be built for multiple boards, in this example we will build it for the nucleo_f070rb board:

# On Linux/macOS
cd $ZEPHYR_BASE/samples/subsys/usb/hid-mouse
mkdir build && cd build
# On Windows
cd %ZEPHYR_BASE%\samples\subsys\usb\hid-mouse
mkdir build & cd build
cmake -GNinja -DBOARD=nucleo_f070rb ..

After you have built and flashed the sample app image to your board, plug the board into a host device, for example, a PC running Linux. The board will be detected as shown by the Linux dmesg command:

dmesg | tail -10
usb 2-2: new full-speed USB device number 2 using at91_ohci
usb 2-2: New USB device found, idVendor=2fe3, idProduct=0100
usb 2-2: New USB device strings: Mfr=1, Product=2, SerialNumber=3
usb 2-2: Product: Zephyr HID mouse sample
usb 2-2: Manufacturer: ZEPHYR
usb 2-2: SerialNumber: 0.01
input: ZEPHYR Zephyr HID mouse sample as /devices/soc0/ahb/600000.ohci/usb2/2-2/2-2:1.0/0003:2FE3:0100.0001/input/input0
hid-generic 0003:2FE3:0100.0001: input: USB HID v1.10 Mouse [ZEPHYR Zephyr HID mouse sample] on usb-at91-2/input0

You can also monitor mouse events by using the standard Linux evtest command (see the Ubuntu evtest man page for more information about this tool):

sudo evtest /dev/input/event0
Input driver version is 1.0.1
Input device ID: bus 0x3 vendor 0x2fe3 product 0x100 version 0x110
Input device name: "ZEPHYR USB-DEV"
Supported events:
  Event type 0 (EV_SYN)
  Event type 1 (EV_KEY)
    Event code 272 (BTN_LEFT)
    Event code 273 (BTN_RIGHT)
    Event code 274 (BTN_MIDDLE)
  Event type 2 (EV_REL)
    Event code 0 (REL_X)
    Event code 1 (REL_Y)
    Event code 8 (REL_WHEEL)
  Event type 4 (EV_MSC)
    Event code 4 (MSC_SCAN)
Testing ... (interrupt to exit)

When you press the button on your board, it will act as if the left mouse button was pressed, and this information will be displayed by evtest:

Event: time 1167609663.618515, type 4 (EV_MSC), code 4 (MSC_SCAN), value 90001
Event: time 1167609663.618515, type 1 (EV_KEY), code 272 (BTN_LEFT), value 1
Event: time 1167609663.618515, -------------- SYN_REPORT ------------
Event: time 1167609663.730510, type 4 (EV_MSC), code 4 (MSC_SCAN), value 90001
Event: time 1167609663.730510, type 1 (EV_KEY), code 272 (BTN_LEFT), value 0
Event: time 1167609663.730510, -------------- SYN_REPORT ------------

If your board has more than one button, they will act as right mouse button, X-axis movement, and Y-axis movement.