STM32 Minimum Development Board¶
The STM32 Minimum Development Board, is a popular and inexpensive breadboard-friendly breakout board for the STM32F103x8 CPU. Zephyr applications use the stm32_min_dev board configuration to run on these boards.
As the name suggests, these boards have the bare minimum components required to power on the CPU. For practical use, you’ll need to add additional components and circuits using a breadboard, for example.
This port is a starting point for your own customizations and not a complete port for a specific board. Most of the GPIOs on the STM32 SoC has been exposed in the external header with silk screen labels that match the SoC’s pin names.
Each board vendor has their own variations in pin mapping on their boards’ external connectors and placement of components. Many vendors use port PC13 for connecting an LED, so only this device is supported by our Zephyr port. Additional device support is left for the user to implement.
Change the LED pin to PB12 in boards/arm/stm32_min_dev/stm32_min_dev.dts
if you have the Black Pill Board. This can be done by replacing
gpios = <&gpioc 13 GPIO_INT_ACTIVE_HIGH>; with
gpios = <&gpiob 12 GPIO_INT_ACTIVE_HIGH>;
in the dts file.
More information on hooking up peripherals and lengthy how to articles can be found at EmbedJournal.
The boot configuration for this board is configured through jumpers on B0 (Boot 0) and B1 (Boot 1). The pins B0 and B1 are present in between logic 0 and 1 lines. The silk screen on the PCB reads BX- or BX+ to indicate 0 and 1 logic lines for B0 and B1 respectively.
|Boot 1||Boot 0||Boot Mode||Aliasing|
|X||0||Main Flash Memory||Main flash memory is selected as boot space|
|0||1||System Memory||System memory is selected as boot space|
|1||1||Embedded SRAM||Embedded SRAM is selected as boot space|
The on-board 8Mhz crystal is used to produce a 72Mhz system clock with PLL. The stm32_min_dev board configuration supports the following hardware features:
|NVIC||on-chip||nested vectored interrupt controller|
Other hardware features are not supported by the Zephyr kernel.
Programming and Debugging¶
Here is an example for the Blinky Application application.
# On Linux/macOS cd $ZEPHYR_BASE/samples/basic/blinky mkdir build && cd build # On Windows cd %ZEPHYR_BASE%\samples\basic\blinky mkdir build & cd build # Use cmake to configure a Ninja-based build system: cmake -GNinja -DBOARD=stm32_min_dev .. # Now run ninja on the generated build system: ninja ninja flash
You can debug an application in the usual way. Here is an example for the Hello World application.
# On Linux/macOS cd $ZEPHYR_BASE/samples/hello_world # If you already made a build directory (build) and ran cmake, just 'cd build' instead. mkdir build && cd build # On Windows cd %ZEPHYR_BASE%\samples\hello_world # If you already made a build directory (build) and ran cmake, just 'cd build' instead. mkdir build & cd build # Use cmake to configure a Ninja-based build system: cmake -GNinja -DBOARD=stm32_min_dev .. # Now run ninja on the generated build system: ninja debug