nRF51 SDK - S120 SoftDevice
 All Data Structures Functions Variables Typedefs Enumerations Enumerator Groups Pages
UART RAW protocol

UART RAW protocol

UART RAW protocol implements Serialization PHY API using UART interface.

UART RAW for serialization uses 4 standard UART lines (RX, TX, /CTS, /RTS). Hardware flow control is enabled. The protocol supports full duplex communication.
Every packet consists of 2-byte header followed by payload. Packet header contains number of bytes of the payload. Header is transmitted least significant byte first.

UART RAW packet

Packets are transmitted in the following format :


Figure 1: Reception and transmission of a packet

Firstly, on RX line length is received as a header: [RX_HEADER]=[0x0004] It is then followed by payload [RX_PAYLOAD]=[0x00 0x78 0x41 0x03]
After the reception of a packet, transmission starts on TX line. Packet format is the same as during reception: [TX_HEADER]=[0x0006], [TX_PAYLOAD]=[0x01 0x78 0x00 0x00 0x00 0x00]

UART driver

UART RAW protocol for serialization is implemented in 'ser_phy_nrf51_uart.c' file. It uses 'app_uart.c' as a low-level UART driver.

The implementation is event-driven. Events from the low-level driver are handled in static 'ser_phy_uart_evt_callback()' function. Three types of app_uart_evt_t

Following ser_phy_evt_t events are send to upper layer:

  • SER_PHY_EVT_HW_ERROR when a hardware error is reported by low-level driver
  • SER_PHY_EVT_RX_BUF_REQUEST when a header is received and therefore the payload length is known. From this point reception is paused until
    ser_phy_rx_buf_set() function is called by the upper layer, indicating whether a receive buffer has been allocated or not. Subsequently the packet payload is
    received or dropped.
  • SER_PHY_EVT_RX_PKT_RECEIVED when all bytes have been received. This event indicates how many bytes have been received to which memory address.
  • SER_PHY_EVT_RX_PKT_DROPPED when all bytes are clocked in, but the packet is discarded because no receive buffer was allocated by upper layers.
  • SER_PHY_EVT_TX_PKT_SENT when all bytes are transmitted.

Function ser_phy_open() initializes UART using APP_UART_INIT macro with configuration structure of type app_uart_comm_params_t as input. It also registers
SER_PHY event callback.

Function ser_phy_close() closes UART using app_uart_close() function. It also de-registers SER_PHY event callback.

Note: During initialization of UART, pin connected to the RX line is configured as pull-down until first byte is received. This is done to avoid false byte detection due to
glitches on the line when the other side is turned off or starting up.