HCI Drivers

API Reference

group bt_hci_driver

HCI drivers.

Defines

IS_BT_QUIRK_NO_AUTO_DLE(bt_dev)
BT_HCI_EVT_FLAG_RECV_PRIO
BT_HCI_EVT_FLAG_RECV

Enums

enum [anonymous]

Values:

BT_QUIRK_NO_RESET = BIT(0)
BT_QUIRK_NO_AUTO_DLE = BIT(1)
enum bt_hci_driver_bus

Possible values for the ‘bus’ member of the bt_hci_driver struct

Values:

BT_HCI_DRIVER_BUS_VIRTUAL = 0
BT_HCI_DRIVER_BUS_USB = 1
BT_HCI_DRIVER_BUS_PCCARD = 2
BT_HCI_DRIVER_BUS_UART = 3
BT_HCI_DRIVER_BUS_RS232 = 4
BT_HCI_DRIVER_BUS_PCI = 5
BT_HCI_DRIVER_BUS_SDIO = 6
BT_HCI_DRIVER_BUS_SPI = 7
BT_HCI_DRIVER_BUS_I2C = 8
BT_HCI_DRIVER_BUS_IPM = 9

Functions

static uint8_t bt_hci_evt_get_flags(uint8_t evt)

Get HCI event flags.

Helper for the HCI driver to get HCI event flags that describes rules that. must be followed.

When CONFIG_BT_RECV_IS_RX_THREAD is enabled the flags BT_HCI_EVT_FLAG_RECV and BT_HCI_EVT_FLAG_RECV_PRIO indicates if the event should be given to bt_recv or bt_recv_prio.

Return

HCI event flags for the specified event.

Parameters
  • evt: HCI event code.

int bt_recv(struct net_buf *buf)

Receive data from the controller/HCI driver.

This is the main function through which the HCI driver provides the host with data from the controller. The buffer needs to have its type set with the help of bt_buf_set_type() before calling this API.

When CONFIG_BT_RECV_IS_RX_THREAD is defined then this API should not be used for so-called high priority HCI events, which should instead be delivered to the host stack through bt_recv_prio().

Return

0 on success or negative error number on failure.

Parameters
  • buf: Network buffer containing data from the controller.

int bt_recv_prio(struct net_buf *buf)

Receive high priority data from the controller/HCI driver.

This is the same as bt_recv(), except that it should be used for so-called high priority HCI events. There’s a separate bt_hci_evt_get_flags() helper that can be used to identify which events have the BT_HCI_EVT_FLAG_RECV_PRIO flag set.

As with bt_recv(), the buffer needs to have its type set with the help of bt_buf_set_type() before calling this API. The only exception is so called high priority HCI events which should be delivered to the host stack through bt_recv_prio() instead.

Return

0 on success or negative error number on failure.

Parameters
  • buf: Network buffer containing data from the controller.

uint8_t bt_read_static_addr(struct bt_hci_vs_static_addr addrs[], uint8_t size)

Read static addresses from the controller.

Return

Number of addresses read.

Parameters
  • addrs: Random static address and Identity Root (IR) array.

  • size: Size of array.

int bt_hci_driver_register(const struct bt_hci_driver *drv)

Register a new HCI driver to the Bluetooth stack.

This needs to be called before any application code runs. The bt_enable() API will fail if there is no driver registered.

Return

0 on success or negative error number on failure.

Parameters

int bt_hci_transport_setup(struct device *dev)

Setup the HCI transport, which usually means to reset the Bluetooth IC.

Note

A weak version of this function is included in the H4 driver, so defining it is optional per board.

Return

0 on success, negative error value on failure

Parameters
  • dev: The device structure for the bus connecting to the IC

struct net_buf *bt_hci_evt_create(uint8_t evt, uint8_t len)

Allocate an HCI event buffer.

This function allocates a new buffer for an HCI event. It is given the avent code and the total length of the parameters. Upon successful return the buffer is ready to have the parameters encoded into it.

Return

Newly allocated buffer.

Parameters
  • evt: Event OpCode.

  • len: Length of event parameters.

struct net_buf *bt_hci_cmd_complete_create(uint16_t op, uint8_t plen)

Allocate an HCI Command Complete event buffer.

This function allocates a new buffer for HCI Command Complete event. It is given the OpCode (encoded e.g. using the BT_OP macro) and the total length of the parameters. Upon successful return the buffer is ready to have the parameters encoded into it.

Return

Newly allocated buffer.

Parameters
  • op: Command OpCode.

  • plen: Length of command parameters.

struct net_buf *bt_hci_cmd_status_create(uint16_t op, uint8_t status)

Allocate an HCI Command Status event buffer.

This function allocates a new buffer for HCI Command Status event. It is given the OpCode (encoded e.g. using the BT_OP macro) and the status code. Upon successful return the buffer is ready to have the parameters encoded into it.

Return

Newly allocated buffer.

Parameters
  • op: Command OpCode.

  • status: Status code.

struct bt_hci_driver
#include <hci_driver.h>

Abstraction which represents the HCI transport to the controller.

This struct is used to represent the HCI transport to the Bluetooth controller.

Public Members

const char *name

Name of the driver

bt_hci_driver_bus bus

Bus of the transport (BT_HCI_DRIVER_BUS_*)

uint32_t quirks

Specific controller quirks. These are set by the HCI driver and acted upon by the host. They can either be statically set at buildtime, or set at runtime before the HCI driver’s open() callback returns.

int (*open)(void)

Open the HCI transport.

Opens the HCI transport for operation. This function must not return until the transport is ready for operation, meaning it is safe to start calling the send() handler.

If the driver uses its own RX thread, i.e. CONFIG_BT_RECV_IS_RX_THREAD is set, then this function is expected to start that thread.

Return

0 on success or negative error number on failure.

int (*send)(struct net_buf *buf)

Send HCI buffer to controller.

Send an HCI command or ACL data to the controller. The exact type of the data can be checked with the help of bt_buf_get_type().

Note

This function must only be called from a cooperative thread.

Return

0 on success or negative error number on failure.

Parameters
  • buf: Buffer containing data to be sent to the controller.