Preparing for production

To use the nRF9160: LwM2M Client sample in production, you must prepare the sample for production by completing the following steps:

  1. Program the nRF9160: AT Client sample to the device.

  2. Provision the identity and security credentials.

  3. Program the LwM2M client sample.

LwM2M client production diagram

Preparing the sample for production

The following sections provide the guidelines on setting up the sample for production using AVSystem’s Coiote Device Management server.

Programming the AT Client sample

To configure the sample and to program the AT Client sample, complete the following steps:

  1. Make the sample programmable to multiple devices by removing all hard coded credentials. This can be done by setting the CONFIG_APP_LWM2M_PSK Kconfig option to empty value.

  2. Enable bootstrapping using the configuration overlay file overlay-avsystem-bootstrap.conf. Bootstrapping is required for an LwM2M client to rotate security credentials.

  3. Prepare the production script or steps for your nRF9160-based device.

  4. Store the bootstrap credentials for the security tag that you have specified in CONFIG_LWM2M_CLIENT_UTILS_BOOTSTRAP_TLS_TAG Kconfig option into the nRF9160 modem.

  5. Program the nRF9160: AT Client sample to your device to control the security tags in the modem. See nRF91 AT Commands Reference Guide for documentation on each AT command.

Provisioning the identity and security credentials

To provision the credentials, complete the following steps:

  1. Ensure that you have removed the previous security tags from the modem by issuing the AT%CMNG command:

  2. Identify the device IMEI by issuing the command AT+CGSN:

  3. Create an identity urn:imei:<IMEI CODE> based on the IMEI of your device. For the example in previous step, the identity of the device is urn:imei:352656100367872.

  4. Generate a secure PSK key and store that to the security tag:


Automated provisioning

For automated provisioning of credentials, you can use the script that is provided at scripts/ To set up the script, you must set your username and password for the AVSystem’s Coiote Device Management server as environment variables and pass the device serial port as a parameter when you run the script. See the following code:

# Setup phase
[nrf@dev]:~/scripts# export COIOTE_PASSWD='my-password'
[nrf@dev]:~/scripts# export COIOTE_USER='my-username'

# Find the serial port
[nrf@dev]:~/scripts# nrfjprog -f NRF91 --com
960033095    /dev/ttyACM0    VCOM0
960033095    /dev/ttyACM1    VCOM1
960033095    /dev/ttyACM2    VCOM2

# Run
[nrf@dev]:~/scripts# ./ /dev/ttyACM0
AT interface ready
Identity: urn:imei:352656100394546
Security tag 35724862 cleared
PSK credentials stored to sec_tag 35724862
Coiote: Deleted device urn:imei:352656100394546
Coiote: Deleted device urn:imei:352656100394546-bs
Coiote: Created device urn:imei:352656100394546 to domain /IoT/NordicSemi/Interop/

You can now program the device with the final sample image.