nRF9160: HTTPS Client

The HTTPS Client sample demonstrates a minimal implementation of HTTP communication. It shows how to set up a TLS session towards an HTTPS server and how to send an HTTP request.

Requirements

The sample supports the following development kit:

Hardware platforms

PCA

Board name

Build target

nRF9160 DK

PCA10090

nrf9160dk_nrf9160

nrf9160dk_nrf9160_ns

The sample is configured to compile and run as a non-secure application on nRF91’s Cortex-M33. Therefore, it automatically includes the Secure Partition Manager that prepares the required peripherals to be available for the application.

You can also configure it to use TF-M instead of Secure Partition Manager.

Overview

The sample first initializes the Modem library and AT communications. Next, it provisions a root CA certificate to the modem using the Modem key management library. Provisioning must be done before connecting to the LTE network, because the certificates can only be provisioned when the device is not connected.

The sample then establishes a connection to the LTE network, sets up the necessary TLS socket options, and connects to an HTTPS server. It sends an HTTP HEAD request and prints the response code in the terminal.

Obtaining a certificate

The sample connects to www.example.com, which requires an X.509 certificate. This certificate is provided in the samples/nrf9160/https_client/cert folder.

To connect to other servers, you might need to provision a different certificate. See Certificates for more information.

Using Mbed TLS and TF-M

This sample supports using Mbed TLS and Trusted Firmware-M (TF-M). Instead of offloading the TLS sockets into the modem, you can use the Mbed TLS library from Zephyr. Using the Zephyr Mbed TLS, you can still use the offloaded sockets. Mbed TLS offers more configuration options than using the offloaded TLS handling.

When using TF-M and Mbed TLS with PSA crypto, all the crypto operations are run on the secure side on the device.

Building and running

This sample can be found under samples/nrf9160/https_client in the nRF Connect SDK folder structure.

The sample is built as a non-secure firmware image for the nrf9160dk_nrf9160_ns build target. Because of this, it automatically includes the Secure Partition Manager. You can also configure it to use TF-M instead of SPM.

See Building and programming an application for information about how to build and program the application.

To build the sample with Mbed TLS and TF-M, add the following to your west build command:

-DOVERLAY_CONFIG=overlay-tfm_mbedtls.conf

Testing

After programming the sample to your development kit, test it by performing the following steps:

  1. Connect the USB cable and power on or reset your nRF9160 DK.

  2. Open a terminal emulator and observe that the sample starts, provisions certificates, connects to the LTE network and to example.com, and then sends an HTTP HEAD request.

  3. Observe that the HTTP HEAD request returns HTTP/1.1 200 OK.

Sample output

The sample shows the following output:

HTTPS client sample started
Provisioning certificate
Waiting for network.. OK
Connecting to example.com
Sent 64 bytes
Received 903 bytes

>        HTTP/1.1 200 OK

Finished, closing socket.

Dependencies

This sample uses the following nRF Connect SDK libraries:

It uses the following sdk-nrfxlib library:

In addition, it uses the following sample:

This sample offers also a possibility to use the TF-M module that is at modules/tee/tfm/ in the nRF Connect SDK folder structure.