NFC: System OFF

The NFC System OFF sample shows how to make the NFC Tag device wake up from the System OFF mode when it detects the NFC field. The sample uses the NFC Data Exchange Format (NDEF).

Requirements

The sample supports the following development kits:

Hardware platforms

PCA

Board name

Build target

nRF5340 DK

PCA10095

nrf5340dk_nrf5340

nrf5340dk_nrf5340_cpuapp_ns nrf5340dk_nrf5340_cpuapp

nRF52 DK

PCA10040

nrf52dk_nrf52832

nrf52dk_nrf52832

nRF52840 DK

PCA10056

nrf52840dk_nrf52840

nrf52840dk_nrf52840

The sample also requires a smartphone or tablet with the NFC feature.

Overview

The sample starts with the initialization of the NFC Tag device. The device then attempts to detect an external NFC field. If the field is not detected within three seconds, the device goes into the System OFF mode.

The device wakes up from the System OFF mode when an NFC field is detected. The system is started and the NFC Tag device is reinitialized. The tag can be read afterwards.

When the NFC field is not within range anymore, the device goes back to the System OFF mode.

You do not necessarily need a fully working NFC Tag for the wake-up. You can use the NFCT peripheral registers directly. In this case, the reader cannot read anything, but it can wake up the system.

When using the registers to wake up the device, replace start_nfc() with the following function:

void field_sens_start(void)
{
      int key = irq_lock();
      /* First check if NFCT is not already sensing. */
      if ((NRF_NFCT->NFCTAGSTATE & NFCT_NFCTAGSTATE_NFCTAGSTATE_Msk)
                      == NFCT_NFCTAGSTATE_NFCTAGSTATE_Disabled) {
              NRF_NFCT->TASKS_SENSE = 1;
      }
      irq_unlock(key);
}

See the System OFF mode page in the nRF52840 Product Specification for more information.

User interface

LED 1:

Lit when an NFC field is present within range.

LED 2:

Lit when the system is on.

Building and running

This sample can be found under samples/nfc/system_off in the nRF Connect SDK folder structure.

See Building and programming an application for information about how to build and program the application and Testing and debugging an application for general information about testing and debugging in the nRF Connect SDK.

Testing

After programming the sample to your development kit, complete the following steps to test it:

  1. Observe that LED 2 on the Tag device turns off three seconds after the programming has completed. This indicates that the system is in the System OFF mode.

  2. Make sure that the NFC feature is activated on the smartphone or tablet. Check the device documentation on how to enable the NFC feature.

  3. With the smartphone or tablet, touch the NFC antenna of the NFC Tag device.

  4. Observe that LED 2 on the Tag device is lit, followed by LED 1 shortly after that. Also a “Hello World!” notification appears on the smartphone or tablet. The notification text is obtained from NFC.

  5. Move the smartphone or tablet away from the NFC antenna. LED 1 turns off.

  6. Observe that LED 2 on the Tag device turns off after three seconds. This indicates that system is in the System OFF mode again.

Dependencies

This sample uses the following nRF Connect SDK libraries:

In addition, it uses the Type 2 Tag library from sdk-nrfxlib:

The sample uses the following Zephyr libraries:

  • include/zephyr.h

  • include/device.h

  • include/power/power.h

  • GPIO Interface